Pinyin: sān wúxìng
Wade-Giles: san wu-hsing
Korean MC: sam museong
Korean MR: sam musŏng
Hepburn: san mushō
tam vô tính
- In contrast to the "three natures" 三性 of "attachment to pervasive imagination," "dependent arising," and "perfectly accomplished reality," these three non-natures are established from the point of view of the lack of self nature of all phenomena. Thus, this is an explanation from the standpoint of emptiness.
(Skt. tri-vidhāniḥsvabhāva, tri-vidhā niḥsvabhāvatā) 〔瑜伽論 T 1579.30.345c2, 成唯識論 T 1585.31.47c26〕 [resp. Charles Muller; source(s): Nakamura, JEBD, Hirakawa]
- 相無性. The non-nature of imaginary form. When a person is unaware of the law of dependent arising 緣起, he tends to regard the self and phenomena as really existent, while actually they are formed from causation. The commonly cited metaphor is that of a rope appearing like a snake.
- 生無性. The non-nature of that which is produced by causation. Phenomena which are produced by dependent arising owe their existence to a variety of elements of which they are composed. Phenomena, therefore, cannot have any peculiar characteristics which are properly their own.
- 勝義無性. The non-nature of ultimate reality. The tathatā, which is the ultimate reality beyond the world of phenomena transcends description and has no form.
Bukkyō jiten (Ui), 379
Bulgyo sajeon, 401a
Japanese-English Buddhist Dictionary (Daitō shuppansha), 250a/277
Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura), 475a
Fo Guang Dictionary, 627
Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary (Hirakawa), 0025
Bukkyō daijiten (Mochizuki), (v.1-6)1686c
Bukkyō daijiten (Oda), 1702-3, 666-1
(Soothill's) Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms, 70
Copyright © 2010 -- Charles Muller